Music in Islam is a hotly debated topic, with many views regarding the subject. I found some Hadith for and against music, and I pray to Allah that he forgive me for any thing that I said wrong. On the other hand, all correct material is from the blessing of Allah SWT.
Music can have negative and positive effects on people, depending on what type it is. Music with Islamic content can motivate you and encourage you towards Islam, whereas music that has Haram content, but a more appealing style, can make you commit haram deeds and earn sin.
There are numerous ahadeeth that refer to the use of music, but all have to be verified as correct by the scholars before they can be used as proof. The great scholar, Ibn Hazm, says about the topic of Music in Islam “All that is reported on this topic is false and fabricated.” However, none is to judge that but Allah SWT.
Many people have different views about music being halal in Islam, as was shown when Yusuf Islam, otherwise known as Cat Stevens, converted to the Deen of Haq (truth). Although all his Islamic songs contain the background beat of the ‘Daff’, his one non Islamic content song that he produced after he converted, The Peace Train, has no music at all, not even the Daff. One of the people who started AnNasr Production, also known as ANP, from which the band, Ash Shữara started, quit the band, because he found music to be haram.
Music is something unique to every culture and group of people. It defines their experiences and can provide a powerful means of bring people to Islam as seen through the works of Yusuf Islam, Soldiers Of Allah, Ash Shữra, Sons of the Crescent and others (all have used musical instruments and sounds in one way or the other). Allah SWT says: "Say: who has prohibited Allah's beautiful things which He created for His servants and good provisions?"
Music can be a powerful tool if used correctly, influencing you to do good. However, in the same way, it can make you do bad things, as was shown when the rock band, Good Charlotte, drove a teenage girl to suicide because of their self abusing lyrics. There is no doubt that music and songs about haram activities is not allowed in Islam. But before we make a judgment on singing and instruments for Islamic purposes one must look at the arguments for and against the use of Instruments.
Many people argue that music is haram and that a Muslim is only allowed to use an instrument called the ‘Daff’ to make music, but others argue that although it might be haram to use wind instruments, there was no electrical/techno beats etc. invented then. However, there are others that argue that even the ‘Daff’ is haram, because they say it was, in the time of the Prophet SAW ‘drummed’ without any rhythm or tune.
Many views are held about the allowance of music in Islam. A member of the well known Muslim rap/hip-hop band, Soldiers of Allah¹, has said about the issue of music: “I am one of the ones who adopt the opinion that music is permissible, as long as it does not talk or invite to Haram.”
In the Hadith collections of Abu Dawud, there is an issue about music made with wind instruments, in this case, a pipe:
Book 41, Number 4906:
Ibn `Abbas said: `Aishah gave a girl relative of hers in marriage to a man of the Ansar (people of Madinah). The Prophet (peace be on him) came and asked, "Did you send a singer along with her?" "No," said `Aishah. The Messenger of Allah (SAW) then said, "The Ansar are a people who love poetry. You should have sent along someone who would sing, `Here we come, to you we come, greet us as we greet you.'"
Islamic References For and Against Music
Allah SWT says, in the Quran, what means: "Do you marvel at this statement, and laugh and do not weep, while you amuse yourselves proudly in vanities? Rather, prostrate before Allah and worship Him alone." (Surah An-Najm Verse 59 to 62 )
According to Ibn Abbas, RA, a companion of the word 'saamidoon' in this verse refers to the non-believers habit of singing and playing music noisily whenever they heard the Quran being recited, in order to drown out the reciter’s voice so that others wouldn't hear it. However, Muslims who listen to Islamic music do not listen to it while the Adhan or Quran is being recited. In fact, the beauty of what some call the music of Islam, the Quran and Adhan (call to prayer) is so intense that that people stop all they are doing just to listen. This is how many non believers have converted to Islam.
Also, Allah says (regarding Satan) what means: “‘And excite any of them whom you can with your voice. Assault them with your cavalry and infantry, be a partner with them in their wealth and children, and make them promises.' But Satan promises them nothing except deceit." (Surah Al-Isra Verse 64)
Some of the taabi'een (a person that has seen a sahabah) such as ad-Dahhaak and Mujaahid interpreted Satan's exciting mankind with his voice to mean through the use of music, song and amusement. Ad-Dahhaak said it was the sound of wind instruments. However according to Ibn Abbas , the voice mentioned in the verse refers to every form of invitation which calls to the disobedience of Allah the Exalted, which seems to be the most correct interpretation. This gives good support to the point that the SOA member made – that music is halal, as long as it does not invite to, or talk of haram.
There is a Hadith that states "People will make zina (adultery and fornication), pure silk, liquor and ma`aazif (musical instruments) into Halal". If we accept this Hadith as correct, then we need to address what is prohibited as a unanimous order. We know beyond a doubt that alcohol and adultery are prohibited and this is agreed upon unanimously and anyone who says otherwise is a kafir. Pure silk and ma`aazif are not. Women can wear silk and the selling of silk is allowed. The only source for the "prohibition" of ma`aazif is this Hadith and no other authentic Hadith or ayah from the Quran explicitly prohibit ma`aazif, whereas they do alcohol and zina. Allah SWT knows best.
Aisha (R) narrated that during the days of Mina, on the day of Eid Al-Adha, two girls were with her, singing and playing on a hand drum. The Prophet SAW was present, listening to them with his head under a shawl. Abu Bakr then entered and scolded the girls. The Prophet SAW, uncovering his face, told him, "Let them be, Abu Bakr. These are the days of `Eid." [Reported by al-Bukhari and Muslim.]
There is an extract from the book, The Lawful and The Prohibited In Islam, by Y. Al Qaradawi, that is useful in this aspect.
Among the entertainments which may comfort the soul, please theheart, and refresh the ear is singing. Islam permits singing under the condition that it not be in any way obscene or harmful to Islamic morals. There is no harm in it being accompanied by music which is not exciting. (Y. al-Qaradawi, "The Lawful and the Prohibited in Islam," p. 300)
WE MAKE NO CONCLUSIONS...ALLAH SWT KNOWS BEST ABOUT ALL ISSUES. WE REMIND YOU OF THE HADITH: "LEAVE THAT WHICH MAKES YOU DOUBT FOR THAT WHICH DOES NOT MAKE YOU DOUBT."